Doing Business is Easier in India NOW!

The lower house of Indian Parliament, Lok Sabha Wednesday passed the Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2014 with 14 amendments. Corporate Affairs Minister Arun Jaitley told the house that some of the original provisions were only posing hurdles to doing busincompaniesact_thefirm_356_1139_356ess in the country. He said, “..(previously) A terrorist can get bail, but a company official cannot“, and added; “Are we trying to induce or scare investors,”.

“The object imagesof these amendments is solely to ease the process of doing business in India. None of them have any ulterior motive,” Jaitley, who also holds the Finance portfolio, said replying to the debate on amending the Companies Act, 2013.

“Some of its provisions would have made doing business in India extremely difficult and the investment environment in the country would be disrupted by such a law,” Mr. Jaitley added.

The amendments to the Companies Act are designed to address some issues raised by stakeholders. These amendments include:

Confidentiality of Board Meetings

Among the major concerns of stakeholders were protecting confidentiality of board resolutions. The new amendments prohibit public disclosure of decisions made inside a Board meeting. Citing the provision on the public scrutiny of board resolutions, Jaitley said that nowhere in the world was such a practice being followed. “A company deciding in its board on its next model, a new product trademark or the funding mechanism would not like such matters to be known to competitors,” Jaitley said.

 Approvals made easy

Stakeholders were also concerned that stringent regulations for related party transactions, or those transactions between the company and another in which a board member or members are interested, could hurt routine business activity. The amendment also exempts corporates from the need to get shareholders’ nod in the case of related party transactions valued lower than Rs.100 crore or 10 percent of net worth.

Under the old system, shareholders’ permission through a special resolution was required in case of related party transactions for all firms with a paid up capital of Rs.10 crore or more.

 Requirement of Paid Capital Removed

Earlier, paid up capital of Rs 1 lakh was required for a new private company and Rs 5 lakh for private company, which has been now removed. It is really a great move to support Small and Medium Enterprises.

 Defaulting Company Laws

Officers and employees of the defaulting company, who encouraged and promoted financial scams can now face fine upto Rs 2 crore, with a minimum threshold of Rs 25 lakh and/or prison upto 7 years. And the Director and Founder of such frauds would be fined under Section 447 of the Act, and can be poisoned upto 10 years along with a fine “which shall not be less than the amount involved in the fraud, but which may extend to three times the amount involved in the fraud”.

 Errors related with drafting rectified

There were several drafting errors in the original bill, such as unclaimed shares and dividend. Unclaimed dividend for 7 years is automatically transferred into a investor-protection fund but unclaimed shares does not. From now on, all unclaimed financial assets will be transferred to the investor-protection fund.

 A special section 76A Introduced

76A has been introduced in the bill, which empowers the Government to slap fine upto Rs 10 crore on defaulting companies which raise money from the public and then disappear. In the wake of recent scams such as Saradha Finance in West Bengal and Sahara, this new regulation was indeed required. In any case, the new law states that the fine would not be less than Rs 1 crore in any case. The new amendment states: “in addition to the payment of the amount of deposit or part thereof and the interest due”.

This is a good move to create the business environment for MNCs as well as for Small and medium Enterprises. Where WTO gave low ranking to India for business environment, Government has started working on the ease of business environment in India.

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IT and the Digital Presence in India

It’s a fact that India have performed thinkable growth in IT. If we see the facts: IT contribution to India’s GDP was a merely 1.2% in 1998. But in now this made an impressive growth and now contributing around 8% of India GDP. What, NASSCOM (The National Association of Software and Services Companies) says that the total aggregated revenues for the industry stood at US$100 billion in 2012. US$69.1 billion of this came from exports, while US$31.7 billion came from the domestic market.

The future projection look good too. According to NASSCOM, IT industries will do 14-16% linier growth till 2020.

The Top Indian IT Company have not only Indian presence but they have global presence as well.

Big Cities Dominating the IT Scene

But there is a real problem in India now even with all this. The Indian IT industry have global presence but not spread evenly throughout the Country. In fact, have very presence in India Cities, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Pune, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Kolkata and Trivandrum account for as much as 90% of the IT revenue. However on other way, Large sections of our country with close to zero presence of IT industry. And, it’s not just an issue of these area not having adequate business availability but there are serious infrastructure issues like network connectivity, computer, Internet, easy transport facilities even mobile reachability is bigger panic point over there. There are hardly 3G network even rarely get good 2G network without any obstacle always.

The latest Global Information Technology report for the World Economic Forum has ranked India at 68th in its network readiness index out of 140 countries.

This doesn’t look good for a country that wants to emerge as a world leader. Of course that’s too little, considering the presence and importance of IT in the top cities. This is causing a serious digital divide in the country.

The Digital Divide in India

Its unavoidable. There is certain division between the information reached state and information poor state. In India. Still most fundamental challenge in India to find the way to provide an affordable IT solution to several part of our Country.

Information Technology, through computer, mobility, fast moving internet technology like Social media, Digitalization and E-commerce, bringing about a new economic and social paradigm by reorganizing and restructuring the traditional dimension of business availability and reachability within which human live work and communicate. Lack of accessibility is creating a bigger issue within community to manage equalities. If internet is reachable to only to few people, its democratizing potential is never going to be achieved. Its economics and social impact are going touch very limited.

In fact, rapid invention of Information Technology in some part of India is already start creating a bigger difference among the community and society.

Recently Government study demonstrate the IT presence in different-2 state. Its ranked the state on five parameter: etwork learning, network access, network economy, network society, and network policy. The result revealed that four state is doing well IT technology, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, had poor network access.

According to study lowest achievers state is: Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh.

Digital Divide – Not an India Specific Problem

Digital dividend is not only India issue but it’s a common issue in BRICS as well as developed nation. The World Economic Forum study pointed out that low-income citizens from the developing world have limited access to computers and the internet. They are losing out on social and economic rewards that come with better information and communications technology due to their struggles with digital connectivity.

The United Nations is also raised a concerned. The Information and Technology gap and related inequalities between industries and communities are widening and creating a new challenge for nation to reduce the poverty.

What’s going on in India?

Indian government now realizing an importance of IT and its presence throughout the nation. Government here are well aware about this digital divide and implication. They are also realize that fast economic growth can’t be sustain if digital gap is not bridge throughout the country. And of course the social benefit of growth can’t be properly distributed to lowest section of community.

India can grow with fewer segment of country but it could not create a meaning of any Nation. Till we cannot reach the masses and affect their life positively with Information Technology presence, we can’t say that we are the superpower of information technology.

A lot of initiative have been taken by government body to provide the smooth and better service to lower section of society like ISRO has provide a IT service to Kerala and Andhra fisherman to download data on ocean temperatures from satellites to predict where it’s likely to find fish offshore. Online Passport Seva is another bigger service implemented by government to provide service to masses. Work is also being done to improve internet speed and mobile penetration. National Mission on Education, will make it viable for the weaker sections of the population to own computers as well.

So we are seeing a strong change. With these kind of initiatives, India will surely do much better in near future, But still India has to go so far to cover a large segment of society to end the gap and related inequalities between states and society to transfer the economic boom throughout the Nation and every corner of Society.



Abhishek Singh

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New Government’s Promise for Indian Entrepreneurs

The recent political changes in India have set a new note and bring up new hope & faith among the Indian & especially in Indian Youth. Fast & bigger range of change at the bureaucracy, alleviating the concerns of industry and improving public sentiment. So far, work done by PM Narendra Modi have helped reignite belief among industry & ordinary citizen, they have hope, now country is back on the track to sustain high growth once again.

I have been looking with my personal interest at announcement that made by PM for Entrepreneurship. He was keen to groom & boost Entrepreneurship in India. And he worked upon it, the most significant step towards it, he has set up a new ministry of Entrepreneurship and Skill Development. However question is remain same, what & how will take to bring more entrepreneurs. How can India break the perception that Indian does not have entrepreneur’s skill?

It seems more complex initially. It will require large level of awareness & participation across the Nation to make India more entrepreneurs friendly country like, Silicon Valley in USA. For this obviously need good infrastructure and entrepreneur’s friendly environment to develop entrepreneur zeal & skill. Government need work on Policy, Bureaucratic procedures and processes for approvals and licences need to get much simpler to make India a country where it is easy to do business. Entrepreneurs need to spend more time working and developing idea and making a products, and managing operations etc. – not chasing Bureaucracy for papers work & for approvals in government offices.

An encouraging step is taken by Prime Minister when he exhorted bureaucrats to think creatively, Innovative & take risk to come out from administrative paralysis. Risk taking can help entrepreneur to get excellent idea through. There are already several shining examples of Indian companies that have gone global thanks to innovative products and smart business strategies. There are already large number of Indian set-upping new start-up & Idea from out of India. For instance, In Silicon Valley, Number of start-up get in form, 40% are Indian but they don’t do in India because unfriendly environment for Entrepreneurs.

In India Context, Current Government has taken steps not largely but obviously Initiated a new hope, But apart from the Government initiative, Corporation & organization are running own set up in India must give way to an open and transparent work environment where new, radical ideas are welcome- and most, noticeable point, where failure is not punishable. The fear of failure is major impediment of Innovative thinking & risk taking. Top honcho must provide infrastructure where entrepreneurs can work on Idea without any fear. A good way to motivate Entrepreneurs, just don’t valuate them based project failure or success but support them to move ahead with valuation lesion for the future. Recognizing individual for the risk they took not just for successful they achieved so far.

When entrepreneurship education started in the late 1980s, it was mainly focused on self-employment. Today, it must focus on to the national agenda of employment generation rather than individual wealth creation. The top business schools are preparing students for entrepreneurship, and a new breed of young entrepreneurs are setting up their own ventures. But it is not at bigger level in India, Few of institution has stared “deferred placements” so that they can come back to the institute after a couple of years if their venture fails. But we now need to replicate these successful models across the rest of the country. Even for 2nd tire & rural education institution as well.

Most important part, perception & thinking about entrepreneurship need to be change. Specifically in North & East India. Our Society must overcome from old tendency to stop our child to not move towards risk taking behaviour. Many of these perception have changed since 1990, but majorly in South & West India, latterly in 2000 its change Central India but still not more motivational in North & East India. When entrepreneurs in the field of information technology emerged as role models for the middle class. More entrepreneurs came from middle-income families as mostly came from Business family only earlier. Today’s several youth in India started their own venture not only economical/ profitable but a lot stared social venture as well. Young love to stare own venture they are passionate with burning desire to live up with entrepreneur zeal.

The Indian government’s announced historic 2014 budget is committed to investments in entrepreneurship and innovation. It has launched a new cell dedicated to “incubation and new ideas”, providing equity and soft loans to start-up companies to the tune of RS10,000 crores, and is also committing RS100 crores to start-up village entrepreneurships. It’s a small step but has been taken formally and decisively. It’s showing the right sprite & intention of Government towards entrepreneurships. May we still have to go miles but Journey has begun & future looks very bright for Entrepreneurs.


Abhishek Singh

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The Rise of Robotics reshaping Economic & Business Model, But Bigger Challenge for Human Workforce

When we talk & think “Robots”, always come in mind, it’s an automatic machine that do all those work which are more hazardous, unpleasant, or difficult for human beings—no matter how high the pay.

But now Robots uses are stared at bigger level, and they are showing up for work. Increasingly flexible, responsive, sensing—even humanlike—robots are beginning to augment and replace labor in a wide range of industries, now it’s reshaping the world economic and business model.

Robots may sharply improve productivity and offset differences in labor costs and availability; they’ll likely have a major impact on the competitiveness of companies and countries alike.

But its bigger challenge for Human employment, Robots are covering & capturing the scopes, reaching every corner of world. Robots are doing same work, doing by Human but more responsive & timely. It’s a bigger drawback & Challenge for human to survive their life.  For instance companies are moving the countries with greater & intelligent robotic programmers and robotic infrastructure, those countries could become more attractive than countries with cheap labor. Currently countries are more attractive for business, which have cheap labor like India, China & Philippines, But now trend may changed   adversely. It’s genuine process in prospective of company strategy and business plan but it’s very dangerous & very harmful in term of Human workforce survival. Early certain works managed by robots which are genuine & human could not fit their naturally. But now almost all work could be managed by robots, which are managing by Human but more responsive, errorless & more cost effective.

Changes such as these will fundamentally alter the competitive of the global economy. Despite the potentially far reaching approach of this trend, few companies have thought about how the next generation Robotics will affect their human workforce, How it could made more suitable for operations, business models, and competitive position.

Tracking the Megatrend:


As robots become cheaper, smaller, and more energy efficient, they gain flexibility and finesse, increasing the scope and usability.

Initially, robots were used mainly for dirty, dull, repetitive, or dangerous tasks that did not require high precision. Now Robots have captured the manufacturing industries at bigger level and now it’s moving beyond to manufacturing realm.  For example, they’re enabling food processors to make products untouched by human hands. At Sweden-based Charkman Group, robots slice and pack high volumes of cooked meats & otter stuff. Initially packaging process completely managed by workforce but now given a complete control in Robots hand, Human workforce fired.  The fact that robotics & automation are crossing price, performance & quality of materials.

Where the demands coming from, highly developed countries USA, Japan, Germany and South Korea will be highly affected, but gradually will capture whole world may be India will next one. No wonder growing countries are looking towards the future & profit and turning to automation and Robots control for industrial and agricultural production to human caretaking.

In fact, as robotic technologies advance and their potential to affect more and more industries increases, the main factors holding back future adoption rates may be the concerns of politicians, the public, labor unions, and regulatory agencies, as well as human comfort levels at having robots drive our cars, care for our parents, and displace current workers. It’s a major concern to across world. It’s already creating a bigger issue & displacing current workers from the works. It’s not only concern of politicians, the public, labor unions, and regulatory agencies but for every single human.

From the Factory Floor to the Personal Realm:

Historically, robots were used in manufacturing largely for repetitive tasks that require speed, strength & moderate precision. But now robots are making small-batch production economically more feasible, Given that product life cycles are getting shorter and just-in-time manufacturing helps minimize the need for inventory, robotic flexibility and responsiveness are important benefits. And since many of the new robots have multiple arms, they can multitask with ease—and without losing focus.

Robots can also do without lighting, heat, air conditioning, supervision, food, and bathroom breaks. It could do work 24 hours without shifting. It’s obviously more useful for company to make more & more profit but very risky for human workforce & for human. Industries with complex supply chains may also benefit from robotics, for instance ,Amazon  paid $775 million in cash in 2012 to buy Kiva Systems, which makes warehouse robots. The move has helped Amazon maintain its low-cost advantage and stay a step ahead of the competition by providing a key advantage: the ability to offer one- and two-day guaranteed delivery for a wide range of goods. Investment on it is far profitable for Amazon which could cut fulfillment costs for an average order by 20 to 40 percent. But reduce the huge number of workforce ,working the supply chain & delivery vertical. Bigger survival challenge for those where robots are displacing human workforce.

Till Now, robots have mostly engaged in manufacturing industries but after watching drastically changes in business process and every area , new players are also ready to test it with new approach to boost business responsiveness, reduce cost & make more money.

Industry could use robots in many area to reduce the cost & improve business performance but should not allow to capture all segments. Area where could be allowed to use robots: Areas of Operations with High Labor Costs. Tasks That People Can’t, Won’t, or Shouldn’t Do. Mission-Critical Applications. But not everywhere at least for their, Cheap workforce are deployed and they are more responsive but obviously lower compare to robots.

A national regularities body may control it to manage a balance between robots & human workforce to make sure to run world smoother without a bigger challenge. It’s not only threats human workforce survival but obviously bigger concern for countries security.



Abhishek Singh

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Union Budget Highlights 2014-15

The Union Budget is encouraging on building consumers’ confidence, investors’ confidence and general confidence. The announcements made in the various socio-economic segments of the economy indicate promises of progress in the coming times. The focus on rural infrastructure, agriculture infrastructure, urban infrastructure, manufacturing revival, tourism, education, banking and finance and foreign direct investments are inspiring and would go a long way to rejuvenate the economic growth, going forward.


The much expected enhancement of the income tax limit from Rs. 2 lacs to Rs. 2.5 lacs, enhancement of investment limit under Section 80C from Rs. 1 lac to Rs. 1.5 lacs and enhancement of rebate on investments in self owned house from Rs. 1.5 lac to Rs. 2 lac would restore consumers’ and investors’ confidence and propel growth. The 10 years tax holiday for undertakings that generate and transmit power is appreciable. Investment allowance of 15% to manufacturing companies investing Rs 25 crore in plant and machinery would accelerate capital investments and propel manufacturing growth.


Focus on increasing irrigation facilities, farm markets, financial help to landless farmers and Kisan TV to provide real time information to farmers would help to increase productivity of the farm sector.  Steps undertaken to revive SEZs would help to rejuvenate the investment cycle and facilitation to manufacturing units to sell their products through retail and e-commerce would reduce the selling cost and benefit both manufacturers and consumers.


Focus on GST implementation and discussions with state governments in this regard are encouraging. We believe, GST will streamline the tax administration, avoid harassment of the business and result in higher revenue collection both for the Centre and the States. Focus on industrial infrastructure such as plan to establish 7 industrial cities in India would enhance industrialization and create employment opportunities in the economy.


The allocation for urban infrastructure earmarked at Rs. 50,000 crore are really appreciable and these announcements would speed up the pace and urbanization in the country and help economic growth to move fast. The Roadmap made for fiscal consolidation in the next 3 years is inspiring on reduced fiscal deficit at 4.1% of GDP in 2014-15, 3.6% in 2015-16 and 3% in 2016-17. Enhancement of FDI limit in insurance and defence sector will increase the capital inflows in the coming times.



Highlights of Union Budget 2014-15



Deficit and Inflation


  • Decline in fiscal deficit from 5.7% in 2011-12 to 4.5% in 2013-14 mainly achieved by reduction in expenditure rather than by way of realization of higher revenue.
  • Improvement in current account deficit from 4.7 % in 2012-13 to year end level of 1.7% mainly achieved through restriction on non-essential import and slow-down in overall aggregate demand. Need to keep watch on CAD.
  • 4.1 per cent fiscal deficit a daunting task in the backdrop of two years of low GDP growth, static industrial growth, moderate increase in indirect taxes, subsidy burden and not so encouraging tax buoyancy
  • The government is committed to achieve this target. Road map for fiscal consolidation outlines fiscal deficit of 3.6 % for 2015-16 and 3 % for 2016-17.
  • Inflation has remain at elevated level with gradual moderation in WPI recently.
  • The problem of black money must be fully addressed.
  • Bold steps required to enhance economic activities and spur growth in the economy.


Administrative Initiatives


  • Sovereign right of the Government to undertake retrospective legislation to be exercised with extreme caution and judiciousness keeping in mind the impact of each such measure on the economy and the overall investment climate.
  • A stable and predictable taxation regime which will be investor friendly and spur growth.
  • Legislative and administrative changes to sort out pending tax demands of more than Rs. 4 lakh crore under dispute and litigation.
  • Resident tax payers enabled to obtain on advance ruling in respect of their income-tax liability above a defined threshold.
  • Measures for strengthening the Authority for Advance Rulings.
  • Income-tax Settlement Commission scope to be enlarged.
  • National Academy for Customs & Excise at Hindupur in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The subsidy regime to be made more targeted for full protection to the marginalized, poor and SC/ST.
  • New Urea Policy would be formulated.
  • Introduction of GST to be given thrust.
  • High level committee to interact with trade and industry on regular basis to ascertain areas requiring clarity in tax laws is required to be set up.
  • Convergance with International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) by Adoption of the new Indian Accounting Standards (2nd AS) by Indian Companies.
  • Setting up of Expenditure Management Commission to look into expenditure reforms.
  • Employment exchanges to be transformed into career centres. A sum of Rs.100 crore provided .




Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)


  • Government to promote FDI selectively in sectors.
  • The composite cap of foreign investment to be raised to 49 per cent with full Indian management and control through the FIPB route.
  • The composite cap in the insurance sector to be increased up to 49 per cent from 26 per cent with full Indian management and control through the FIPB route.
  • Requirement of the built up area and capital conditions for FDI to be reduced from 50,000 square metres to 20,000 square metres and from USD 10 million to USD 5 million respectively for development of smart cities.
  • The manufacturing units to be allowed to sell its products through retail including E-commerce platforms.


Bank Capitalization


  • Requirement to infuse `.2,40,000 crore as equity by 2018 in our banks to be in line with Basel-III norms
  • Capital of banks to be raised by increasing the shareholding of the people in a phased manner.


PSU Capital Expenditure

  • PSUs will invest through capital investment a total sum of ` 2,47,941 crores in the current financial year.


Smart Cities

  • A sum of ` 7060 crore is provided in the current fiscal for the project of developing “one hundred Smart Cities’


Real Estate

  • Incentives for Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITS). Complete pass through for the purpose of taxation.
  • A modified REITS type structure for infrastructure projects as the Infrastructure Investment Trusts (INVITS).
  • These two instruments to attract long term finance from foreign and domestic sources including the NRIs .



  • Rs.1000 crore provided for “Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojna” for assured irrigation.


Rural Development

  • Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission for integrated project based infrastructure in the rural areas.
  • Rs.500 crore for “Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana” for feeder separation to augment power supply to the rural areas.
  • Rs.14,389 crore provided for Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna(PMGSY) .
  • More productive, asset creating and with linkages to agriculture and allied activities wage employment would to be provided under MGNREGA.
  • Under Ajeevika, the provision of bank loan for women SHGs at 4% to be extended to another 100 districts.
  • Initial sum of Rs.100 crore for “Start Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme” for encouraging rural youth to take up local entrepreneurship programs .
  • Allocation for National Housing Bank increased to ` 8000 crore to support Rural housing.
  • New programme “Neeranchal” to give impetus to watershed development in the country with an initial outlay of Rs.2142 crores.
  • Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF) to be restructured to address intra-district inequalities.


Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe

  • An amount of Rs.50,548 crore is proposed under the SC Plan and Rs.32,387 crore under TSP.
  • For the welfare of the tribals “Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojna” launched with an initial allocation of Rs.100 crore.


Senior Citizen & Differently Abled Persons

  • Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana (VPBY) to be revived for a limited period from 15 August, 2014 to 14 August, 2015 for the benefit of citizens aged 60 years and above.
  • A committee will to examine and recommend how unclaimed amounts with PPF, Post Office, saving schemes etc. can be used to protect and further financial interests of the senior citizens?
  • Government notified a minimum pension of Rs.1000 per month to all subscriber members of EP Scheme. Initial provision of ` 250 crore.
  • Increase in mandatory wage ceiling of subscription to Rs.15000. A provision of Rs.250 crore in the current budget.
  • EPFO to launch the “Uniform Account Number” Service for contributing members
  • Scheme for Assistance to Disabled Persons for purchase/fitting of Aids and Appliances (ADIP) extended to include contemporary aids and assistive devices.
  • National level institutes for Universal Inclusive Design , Mental Health Rehabilitation and a Centre for Disability Sports to be established.
  • Assistance to State Governments to establish fifteen new Braille Presses and modernize ten existing Braille Presses.
  • Government to print currency notes with Braille like signs for visibly challenged persons.


Women & Child Development

  • Outlay of Rs.50 crores for pilot testing a scheme on “Safety for Women on Public Road Transport”.
  • Sum of Rs.150 crores on a scheme to increase the safety of women in large cities.
  • “Crisis Management Centres” in all the districts of NCT of Delhi this year government and private hospitals.
  • A sum of Rs.100 crore is provided for “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana”, a focused scheme to generate awareness and help in improving the efficiency of delivery of welfare services meant for women.
  • School curriculum to have a separate chapter on gender mainstreaming.


Drinking Water & Sanitation

  • 20,000 habitations affected with arsenic, fluoride, heavy/ toxic elements, pesticides/ fertilizers to be provided safe drinking water through community water purification plants in next 3 years
  • “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” to cover every household with sanitation facility by the year 2019.


Health and Family Welfare

  • Free Drug Service and Free Diagnosis Service to achieve “ Health For All”
  • Two National Institutes of Ageing to be set up at AIIMS, New Delhi and Madras Medical College, Chennai.
  • A national level research and referral Institute for higher dental studies to be set up.
  • AIIMS like institutions in Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Vidarbha in Maharashtra and Poorvanchal in UP. A provision of Rs.500 crores made.
  • 12 new government medical colleges to be set up.
  • States’ Drug Regulatory and Food Regulatory Systems to be strengthened by creating new drug testing laboratories and strengthening the 31 existing State laboratories.
  • 15 Model Rural Health Research Centres to be set up for research on local health issues concerning rural population.
  • A national programme in Mission Mode to halt the deteriorating malnutrition situation in India to be put in place within six months.




School Education

  • Government would strive to provide toilets and drinking water in all the girls school in first phase. An amount of Rs.28635 crore is being funded for Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan(SSA) and Rs.4966 crore for Rashtriya madhyamic Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA).
  • A School Assessment Programme is being initiated at a cost of Rs.30 crore.
  • Rs.500 crore provided for “Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya New Teachers Training Programme” to infuse new training tools and motivate teachers.
  • Rs.100 crore provided for setting up virtual classrooms as Communication Linked
  • Interface for Cultivating Knowledge (CLICK) and online courses.


Higher Education

  • Jai Prakash Narayan National Centre for Excellence in Humanities to be set up in MP.
  • Rs.500 crore provided for setting up 5 more IITs in the Jammu, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.
  • 5 IIMs in the States of HP, Punjab, Bihar, Odisha and Rajasthan.
  • Simplification of norms to facilitate education loans for higher studies.


Information Technology

  • Pan India programme “Digital India” to with an outlay of Rs.500 crore to be launched.
  • Programme for promoting “Good Governance” to be launched .A sum of Rs.100 crore provided.


Information and Broadcasting

  • Rs.100 crore allocated for 600 new and existing Community Radio Stations.
  • Film & Television Institute, Pune and Satyajit Ray Film & Television Institute, Kolkata are proposed to be accorded status of Institutes of national importance and a “National
  • Centre for Excellence in Animation, Gaming and Special Effects to be set up.
  • Rs.100 crore is provided for Kisan TV, to disseminate real time information to the farmers on issues such as new farming techniques, water conservation, organic farming etc.



Urban Development

  • Vision of the Government is that 500 urban habitations to be provided support for renewal of infrastructure and services in next 10 years through PPPs
  • Present corpus of Pooled Municipal Debt Obligation Facility facility to be enlarged to Rs.50, 000 Crore from Rs.5000 crore.
  • Rs.100 crore provided for Metro Projects in Lucknow and Ahemdabad.



  • Extended additional tax incentive on home loans shall be provided to encourage people, especially the young, to own houses.
  • Mission on Low Cost Affordable Housing anchored in the National Housing Bank to be set up.
  • A sum of ` 4000 crores for NHB from the priority sector lending shortfall with a view to increase the flow of cheaper credit for affordable housing to the urban poor/EWS/LIG segment is provided
  • Slum development to be included in the list of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities to encourage the private sector to contribute more.



  • A programme for the up gradation of skills and training in ancestral arts for development for the minorities “Up gradation of Traditional Skills in Arts, Resources and Goods” to be launched.
  • An additional amount of Rs.100 crores for Modernization of Madarsas .



  • Government to establish two more Agricultural Research Institute of excellence in Assam and Jharkhand with an initial sum of Rs.100 crore.
  • An amount of Rs.100 crores set aside for “Agri-tech Infrastructure Fund”.
  • Rs.200 crore provided to open Agriculture Universities in Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan and Horticulture Universities in Telangana and Haryana.
  • A scheme to provide every farmer a soil health card in a Mission mode will be launched.
  • Rs.100 crore has been provided for this purpose and additional Rs.56 crores to set up 100 Mobile Soil Testing Laboratories across the country.
  • To meet the vagaries of climate change a “National Adaptation Fund” with an initial sum an amount of Rs.100 crore will be set up.
  • A sustainable growth of 4% in Agriculture will be achieved.
  • Technology driven second green revolution with focus on higher productivity and including “Protein revolution” will be area of major focus.
  • To mitigate the risk of Price volatility in the agriculture produce, a sum of Rs.500 crore is provided for establishing a “Price Stabilization Fund”.
  • Central Government to work closely with the State Governments to re-orient their respective APMC Acts.
  • Sum of Rs.50 crores provided for the development of indigenous cattle breeds and an equal amount for starting a blue revolution in inland fisheries.
  • Transformation plan to invigorate the warehousing sector and significantly improve post-harvest lending to farmers.


Agriculture Credit

  • To provide institutional finance to landless farmers, it is proposed to provide finance to 5 lakh joint farming groups of “Bhoomi Heen Kisan” through NABARD.
  • A target of Rs.8 lakh crore has been set for agriculture credit during 2014-15.
  • Corpus of Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) raised by an additional Rs. 5000 crores from the target given in the Interim Budget to Rs.25000 crores.
  • Allocation of Rs.5, 000 crore provided for the Warehouse Infrastructure Fund.
  • “Long Term Rural Credit Fund” to set up for the purpose of providing refinance support to Cooperative Banks and Regional Rural Banks with an initial corpus of Rs5,000 crore.
  • Amount of Rs.50,000 crore allocated for Short Term Cooperative Rural Credit .
  • Sum of Rs.200 crore for NABARD’s Producers Development and Upliftment Corpus (PRODUCE) for building 2,000 producers organizations over the next two years.


Food Security

  • Restructuring FCI, reducing transportation and distribution losses and efficacy of PDS to be taken up on priority.
  • Government committed to provide wheat and rice at reasonable prices to the weaker sections of the society.
  • Government when required will undertake open market sales to keep prices under control.



  • Central Government Departments and Ministries to integrate their services with the e- Biz -a single window IT platform- for services on priority by 31 December this year.
  • Rs.100 crore provided for setting up a National Industrial Corridor Authority.
  • Amritsar Kolkata Industrial master planning to be completed expeditiously.
  • Master planning of 3 new smart cities in the Chennai-Bengaluru Industrial Corridor region, viz., Ponneri in Tamil Nadu, Krishnapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and Tumkur in Karnataka to be completed.
  • Perspective plan for the Bengaluru Mumbai Economic corridor (BMEC) and Vizag-Chennai corridor to be completed with the provision for 20 new industrial clusters.
  • Development of industrial corridors with emphasis on Smart Cities linked to transport connectivity to spur growth in manufacturing and urbanization will be accelerated.
  • Proposed to establish an Export promotion Mission to bring all stakeholders under one umbrella.
  • Apprenticeship Act to be suitably amended to make it more responsive to industry and youth.


Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) Sector

  • Skill India to be launched to skill the youth with an emphasis on employability and entrepreneur skills.
  • Committee to examine the financial architecture for MSME Sector, remove bottlenecks and create new rules.
  • Corpus of ` 200 crore to be set up to establish Technology Centre Network.
  • Definition of MSME to be reviewed to provide for a higher capital ceiling.
  • Programme to facilitate forward and backward linkages with multiple value chain of manufacturing and service delivery to be put in place.
  • Entrepreneur friendly legal bankruptcy framework will be developed for SMEs to enable easy exit.
  • A nationwide “District level Incubation and Accelerator Programme” to be taken up for incubation of new ideas and necessary support for accelerating entrepreneurship.



  • Rs.50 crore is provided to set up a Trade Facilitation Centre and a Crafts Museum to develop and promote handloom products and carry forward the rich tradition of handlooms of Varanasi.
  • Sum of Rs. 500 crore for developing a Textile mega-cluster at Varanasi and six more at Bareilly, Lucknow, Surat, Kutch, Bhagalpur and Mysore.
  • Rs. 20 crore to set up a Hastkala Academy for the preservation, revival, and documentation of the handloom/handicraft sector in PPP mode in Delhi.
  • Rs.50 crore is provided to start a Pashmina Promotion Programme (P-3) and development of other crafts of Jammu & Kashmir.



  • An institution to provide support to mainstreaming PPPPs called 4PIndia to be set up with a corpus of ` 500 crores.



  • Rs. 11635 crore will be allocated for the development of Outer Harbour Project in Tuticorin for phase I.
  • SEZs will be developed in Kandla and JNPT.
  • Comprehensive policy to be announced to promote Indian ship building industry.


Inland Navigation

  • Project on Ganges called “ Jal Marg Vikas’ to be developed between Allahabad and Haldia.

New Airports

  • Scheme for development of new airports in Tier I and Tier II Cities to be launched.

Roads sector

  • Sector needs huge amount of investment along with debottlenecking from maze of clearances.
  • An investment of an amount of ` 37,880 crores in NHAI and State Roads is proposed which includes Rs. 3000 crores for the North East.
  • Target of NH construction of 8500 km will be achieved in current financial year.
  • Work on select expressways in parallel to the development of the Industrial Corridors will be initiated. For project preparation NHAI shall set aside a sum of  Rs. 500 crore.




  • Rs. 100 crore is allocated for a new scheme “Ultra-Modern Super Critical Coal Based Thermal Power Technology.”
  • Comprehensive measures for enhancing domestic coal production are being put in place.
  • Adequate quantity of coal will be provided to power plants which are already commissioned or would be commissioned by March 2015.
  • An exercise to rationalize coal linkages to optimize transport of coal and reduce cost of power is underway.


New & Renewable Energy


  • Rs. 500 crores provided for Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Laddakh.
  • Rs. 400 crores provided for a scheme for solar power driven agricultural pump sets and water pumping stations.
  • Rs. 100 crore provided for the development of 1 MW Solar Parks on the banks of canals.
  • A Green Energy Corridor Project is being implemented to facilitate evacuation of renewable energy across the country.



Petroleum & Natural Gas


  • Production and exploitation of Coal Bed Methane reserves will be accelerated.
  • Possibility of using modern technology to revive old or closed wells to be explored.
  • Usage of PNG to be rapidly scaled up in a Mission mode.
  • Proposal to develop pipelines using appropriate PPP models.




Changes, if necessary, in the MMDR Act, 1957 to be introduced to encourage investment in mining sector and promote sustainable mining practices.




Capital Market


  • Ongoing process of consultations with all the stakeholders on the enactment of the Indian Financial Code and reports of the Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission (FSLRC) to be completed.
  • Government in close consultation with the RBI to put in place a modern monetary policy framework.
  • Following measures will be taken to energize Capital markets:
  • Introduction of uniform KYC norms and inter-usability of the KYC records across the entire financial sector.
  • Introduce one single operating demat account
  • Uniform tax treatment for pension fund and mutual fund linked retirement plan






  • Time bound programme as Financial Inclusion Mission to be launched on 15 August this year with focus on the weaker sections of the society.
  • Banks to be encouraged to extend long term loans to infrastructure sector with flexible structuring.
  • Banks to be permitted to raise long term funds for lending to infrastructure sector with minimum regulatory pre-emption such as CRR, SLR and Priority Sector Lending (PSL).
  • RBI to create a framework for licensing small banks and other differentiated banks.
  • Differentiated banks serving niche interests, local area banks, payment banks etc. arecontemplated to meet credit and remittance needs of small businesses, unorganized sector, low income households, farmers and migrant work force.
  • Six new Debt Recovery Tribunals to be set up.
  • For venture capital in the MSME sector, a 10,000 crore fund to act as a catalyst to attract private Capital by way of providing equity , quasi equity, soft loans and other risk capital for start-up companies with suitable tax incentives to participating private funds to be established.


Insurance Sector


  • The pending insurance laws (amendment) Bill to be immediately brought for consideration of the Parliament.
  • The regulatory gap under the Prize Chits and Money Circulation Scheme (Banking) Act, 1978 will be bridged.


Small Savings


  • Kissan Vikas Patra (KVP) to be reintroduced.
  • A special small savings instrument to cater to the requirements of educating and marriage of the Girl Child to be introduced.
  • A National Savings Certificate with insurance cover to provide additional benefits for the small saver.
  • In the PPF Scheme, annual ceiling will be enhanced to 1.5 lakh p.a. from 1 lakh at present.




  • A further sum of 1000 crore to meet requirement for “One Rank One Pension”.
  •  Capital outlay for Defence increased by 5000 crore including a sum of 1000 crore for accelerating the development of the Railway system in the border areas.
  •  Urgent steps would also be taken to streamline the procurement process to make it speedy and more efficient.
  •  Rs. 100 crore is provided for construction of a war memorial in the Princes Park, which will be supplemented by a War Museum. I am allocating a sum of  100 crore for this purpose.
  •  Rs. 100 crore is provided to set up a Technology Development Fund for Defence.

Internal Security

  •  Rs. 3000 crore is provided in the current financial year for modernization of state police forces.
  •   Adequate allocation for Additional Central Assistance for Left Wing Extremist Affected districts.
  •  Rs.  2250 crore provided to strengthen and modernize border infrastructure.
  •  Rs. 990 crore allocated for the socio economic development of the villages along the borders.
  •  A sum of Rs. 150 crore ear-marked for the construction of Marine Police Station, Jetties and for the purchase of boats etc.
    Rs.  50 crores provided for construction of National Police Memorial.


  •  Rs. 200 crore provided to build the Statue of unity(National project).
  •  Facility of Electronic Travel Authorization (e-Visa) to be introduced in phased manner at nine airports in India.
  •  Countries to which the Electronic Travel authorisation facility would be extended would be identified in a phased manner.
  •  Rs. 500 crore provided for developing 5 tourist circuits around specific themes.
  •  Rs. 100 crore provided for National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive (PRASAD).
  •  Rs. 200 crore provided for National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY).
  •  Rs. 100 crore provided for Archaeological sites preservation.
  •  Sarnath-Gaya-Varanasi Buddhist circuit to be developed with world class tourist amenities to attract tourists from all over the world.

Water Resources and cleaning of Ganga

  •  Rs. 100 crore provided for Detailed Project Reports for linking of rivers.
  •  Rs. 2037 crores provided for Integrated Ganga Conservation Mission “NAMAMI GANGE”.
  •  Rs. 100 crore provided for Ghat development and beautification at Kedarnath, Haridwar, Kanpur, Varanasi, Allahabad, Patna and Delhi.
  •  NRI Fund for Ganga will be set up.


Science and Technology

  •  Government to strengthen at least five institutions as Technical Research Centres.
  •  Development of Biotech clusters in Faridabad and Bengaluru.
  •  Nascent agri-biotech cluster in Mohali to be scaled up. In addition, two new clusters, in Pune and Kolkata to be established.
  •  Global partnerships will be developed under India’s leadership to transform the Delhi component of the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) into a world-leader in life sciences and biotechnology.
  •  Several major space missions planned for 2014-15.


Sports and Youth Affairs

  •  Rs. 200 crore provided for upgrading the indoor and outdoor sports stadiums in Jammu and Kashmir Valley to international standards.
  •  Rs. 100 crore provided for sports university in Manipur.
  •  India to start an annual event to promote Unique sports traditions in the Himalayan region games.
  •  Rs. 100 crore provided for the training of sports women and men for forthcoming Asian games.
  •  A “Young Leaders Programme” with an initial allocation of ` 100 crore to be set up.

North Eastern States

  •  Rs.100 crore provided for development of organic farming in North Eastern States.
  •  Rs.1000 crore provided for development of rail connectivity in the North Eastern Region.
  •  To provide a strong platform to rich cultural and linguistic identity of the North-East, a new 24×7 channel called “Arun Prabha” will be launched.

Andhra Pradesh and Telangana

  •  Government committed to addressing the issues relating to development of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in the AP Re-organization Act, 2014. Provision made by various Ministries/Departments to fulfill the obligation of Union Government.

NCT of Delhi

  •  Rs. 200 crore for power reforms and ` 500 crore for water reforms to make Delhi a truly World Class City.
  •  Rs. 50 crore provided to solve the long term water supply issues to the capital region. Construction of long pending Renuka Dam to be taken up on priority.


Andaman and Nicobar Island and Puducherry

  •  Rs.150 crore provided to tide over communication related problems of the Island.
  •  Rs. 188 crore to Puducherry for meeting commitments for Disaster preparedness

Displaced Kashmiri Migrants

  •  Rs.500 crore provided to support displaced Kashmiri migrants for rebuilding their lives.

Himalayan Studies

  •  Rs.100 crore provided to set up a National Centre for Himalayan Studies in Uttarakhand



  •  Mandate to be fulfilled without compromising fiscal consolidation
  •  Non-plan Expenditure of Rs 12,19,892 crore with additional provision for ertilizer subsidy and Capital expenditure for Armed forces.
  •  Rs. 5,75,000 crore Plan expenditure – increase of 26.9 per cent over actuals of 2013-14.
  •  Plan increase targeted towards Agriculture, capacity creation in Health and Education, Rural Roads and National Highways Infrastructure, Railways network expansion, clean energy initiatives, development of water resources and river conservation plans.
  •  Total expenditure of Rs. 17,94,892 crore estimated.
  •  Gross Tax receipts of Rs. 13,64,524 crore estimated.
  •  Net to centre of Rs. 9,77,258 crore estimated.
  •  Fiscal deficit of 4.1% of GDP and Revenue deficit of 2.9% estimated.
  •  New Statement to separately show plan allocation made for North Eastern Region.
  •  Allocation of Rs. 53,706 crore for North East Regions.
  •  Allocation of Rs. 50,548 crore under SCSP and Rs.32,387 under TSP.
  •  Allocation for women at Rs. 98,030 crore and for children at  Rs. 81,075 crore.


  •  Ambitious Revenue Collection Targets in Interim Budget. Proposed tax changes factored in the Budget Estimates 2014-15
  •  Measures to revive the economy, promote investment in manufacturing, rationalize tax provisions to reduce litigation, address the problem of inverted duty structure in certain areas. Tax reliefs to individual tax payers


  •  Personal Income-tax exemption limit raised by Rs. 50,000/- that is, from Rs 2 lakh to Rs2.5 lakh in the case of individual taxpayers, below the age of 60 years. Exemption limit raised from Rs 2.5 lakh to Rs 3 lakh in the case of senior citizens. No change in the rate of surcharge either for the corporates or the individuals, HUFs, firms etc.
  •  Deduction limit on account of interest on loan in respect of self occupied house property raised from Rs 1.5 lakh to Rs.2 lakh.
  •  Conducive tax regime to Infrastructure Investment Trusts and Real Estate Investment. Trusts to be set up in accordance with regulations of the Securities and Exchange Board of India.
  •  Investment allowance at the rate of 15 percent to a manufacturing company that invests more than Rs 25 crore in any year in new plant and machinery. The benefit to be available for three years i.e. for investments upto 31.03.2017.
  •  Investment linked deduction extended to two new sectors, namely, slurry pipelines for the transportation of iron ore, and semi-conductor wafer fabrication
  •  10 year tax holiday extended to the undertakings which begin generation, distribution and transmission of power by 31.03.2017.
  •  Income arising to foreign portfolio investors from transaction in securities to be treated as capital gains. Concessional rate of 15 percent on foreign dividends without any sunset date to be continued.
  •  The eligible date of borrowing in foreign currency extended from 30.06.2015 to 30.06.2017 for a concessional tax rate of 5 percent on interest payments. Tax incentive extended to all types of bonds instead of only infrastructure bonds.
  •  Introduction of a “Roll Back” provision in the Advanced Pricing Agreement (APA) scheme so that an APA entered into for future transactions is also applicable to international transactions undertaken in previous four years in specified circumstances.
  •  Introduction of range concept for determination of arm’s length price in transfer pricing regulations.
  •  To allow use of multiple year data for comparability analysis under transfer pricing regulations.
  •  To remove tax arbitrage, rate of tax on long term capital gains increased from 10 percent to 20 percent on transfer of units of Mutual Funds, other than equity oriented funds
  •  Income and dividend distribution tax to be levied on gross amount instead of amount paid net of taxes.
  •  In case of non deduction of tax on payments, 30% of such payments will be disallowed instead of 100 percent.
  •  Government to review the DTC in its present shape and take a view in the whole matter.
  •  60 more Ayakar Seva Kendras to be opened during the current financial year to promote excellence in service delivery.
  •  Net Effect of the direct tax proposals to result in revenue loss of Rs. 22,200 crore.



  •  To boost domestic manufacture and to address the issue of inverted duties, basic customs duty (BCD) reduced on certain items.
  •  To encourage new investment and capacity addition in the chemicals and petrochemicals sector, basic customs duty reduced on certain items.
  •  Steps taken to boost domestic production of electronic items and reduce our dependence on imports. These include imposition of basic customs duty on certain items falling outside the purview of IT Agreement, exemption from SAD on inputs/components for PC manufacturing, imposition of education cess on imported electronic products for parity etc.
  •  Colour picture tubes exempted from basic customs duty to make cathode ray TVs cheaper and more affordable to weaker sections.
  •  To encourage production of LCD and LED TVs below 19 inches in India, basic customs duty on LCD and LED TV panels of below 19 inches reduced from 10 percent to Nil.
  •  To give an impetus to the stainless steel industry, increase in basic customs duty on imported flat-rolled products of stainless steel from 5 percent to 7.5 percent.
  •  Concessional basic customs duty of 5 percent extended to machinery and equipment required for setting up of a project for solar energy production.
  •  Specified inputs for use in the manufacture of EVA sheets and back sheets and flat copper wire for the manufacture of PV ribbons exempted from basic customs duty.
  •  Reduction in basic customs duty from 10 percent to 5 percent on forged steel rings used in the manufacture of bearings of wind operated electricity generators. Exemption from SAD of 4 percent on parts and raw materials required for the manufacture of wind operated generators.
  •  Concessional basic customs duty of 5 percent on machinery and equipment required for setting up of compressed biogas plants (Bio-CNG).
  •  Anthracite coal, bituminous coal, coking coal, steam coal and other coal to attract 2.5 per cent basic customs duty and 2 per cent CVD to eliminate all assessment disputes and transaction costs associated with testing of various parameters of coal.
  •  Basic customs duty on metallurgical coke increased from Nil to 2.5 percent in line with the duty on coking coal.
  •  Duty on ship breaking scrap and melting scrap of iron or steel rationalized by reducing the basic customs duty on ships imported for breaking up from 5 percent to 2.5 percent.
  •  To prevent mis-use and avoid assessment disputes, basic customs duty on semiprocessed, half cut or broken diamonds, cut and polished diamonds and coloured gemstones rationalized at 2.5 percent.
  •  To encourage exports, pre-forms of precious and semi-precious stones exempted from basic customs duty.
  •  Duty free entitlement for import of trimmings, embellishments and other specified items increased from 3 percent to 5 percent of the value of their export, for readymade garments. Export duty on bauxite increased from 10 percent to 20 percent.
  •  For passenger facilitation, free baggage allowance increased from Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 45,000.
  •  To incentivize expansion of processing capacity, reduction in excise duty on specified food processing and packaging machinery from 10 percent to 6 percent.
  •  Reduction in the excise duty from 12 percent to 6 percent on footwear of retail price exceeding Rs. 500 per pair but not exceeding Rs. 1,000 per pair.
  •  Withdraw concessional excise duty (2 percent without Cenvat benefit and 6 percent with Cenvat benefit) on smart cards and a uniform excise duty at 12 percent
  •  To develop renewable energy, various items exempted from excise duty.
  •  Exemption to PSF and PFY manufactured from plastic waste and scrap including PET bottles from excise duty with effect from 29th June, 2010 to 7th May, 2012.
  •  Prospective levy of a nominal duty of 2 percent without Cenvat benefit and 6 percent with Cenvat benefit on such PSF and PFY.
  •  Specific rates of excise duty increased on cigrettes in the range of 11 per cent to 72 per cent.
  •  Excise duty increased from 12 percent to 16 percent on pan masala, from 50 percent to 55 percent on unmanufactured tobacco and from 60 percent to 70 percent on gutkha and chewing tobacco. Levy of an additional duty of excise at 5 percent on aerated waters containing added sugar. To finance Clean Environment initiatives, Clean Energy Cess increased from Rs. 50 per tonne to Rs. 100 per tonne

Service tax

  •  To broaden the tax base in Service Tax, sale of space or time for advertisements in broadcast media, extended to cover such sales on other segments like online and mobile advertising. Sale of space for advertisements in print media however would remain excluded from service tax. Service provided by radio-taxis brought under service tax.
  •  Services by air-conditioned contract carriages and technical testing of newly developed drugs on human participants brought under service tax.
  •  Provision of services rules to be amended and tax incidence to be reduced on transport of goods through coastal vessels to promote Indian Shipping industry.
  •  Services provided by Indian tour operators to foreign tourists in relation to a tour wholly conducted outside India to be taken out of the tax net and Cenvat credit for services of rent-a-cab and tour operators to be allowed to promote tourism.
  •  Service tax exempted on loading, unloading, storage, warehousing and transportation of cotton, whether ginned or baled
  •  Services provided by the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation for the period prior to 1st July 2012 exempted, from service tax.
  •  Exemption available for specified micro insurance schemes expanded to cover all life micro-insurance schemes where the sum assured does not exceed Rs. 50, 000 per life insured.
  •  For safe disposal of medical and clinical wastes, services provided by common biomedical waste treatment facilities exempted.
  •  Tax proposals on the indirect taxes side are estimated to yield Rs.7525 crore.
  •  24X7 customs clearance facility extended to 13 more airports in respect of all export goods and to 14 more sea ports in respect of specified import and export goods to facilitate cargo clearance.
  •  Indian Customs Single Window Project’ to facilitate trade, to be implemented.
  •  The scheme of Advance Ruling in indirect taxes to be expanded to cover resident private limited companies. The scope of Settlement Commission to be enlarged to facilitate quick dispute resolution.
  •  Customs and Central Excise Acts to be amended to expedite the process of disposal of appeals
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Business Model Innovation: Can Learn from Nonprofit Enterprise

What keeps Entrepreneur up at night?If its not any enterprise’s ability to streamlined operation & lower cost, its their team have the vision to see the future opportunity & the flexibility  to pursue those opportunity faster & more profitable than competitors.

Every enterprise aim to improve their performance every day, but many cases, doing business is not enough. Bold, game changing  move are more risky. However, Many enterprise start rethinking about their business model. But start facing many challenges like lack of cash flow, capability and customer goodwill to turn thing according to new business model.

But Business Model Innovation(BMI) is a bigger capability that can change the complete concept of any enterprise. BMI involve changing multiple component of a business with new goal of redefining how enterprise operates & deliver value.  In many scenario, looking beyond from own’s sector can provide new insight, motivation & inspiration to build up New Business Model for exiting enterprise. Private Sector company can look & learn much from the Social Sector Enterprise because Non-Profit enterprise frequently reinvent themselves(Business Model) in the face of significant challenge & Constraints.

The Challenge that Non-Profit enterprise faced & tackle can be enormous. Whether they are empowering the Youth(YPY), working on Social Intervention & Innovation(IFN), providing  best option for Sauchalay by Shulabh & Cloth distribution By GOONJ. The Best Non -profit organization continually rethink & Innovate the business model & continuously focus how pursue their mission & achieve impact. Non –Profit enterprise believe – Necessity is the mother of reinvention.

Successful business model innovators typically progress  through four Steps:

Uncover opportunity, Convert idea into business model, Prepare & test the model, Scale & iterate if needed re-innovate.  Nonprofit Enterprise, despite the fact they focus on program model  then business model but mostly follow the same way. Based on BCG &  Mckinsey  research with social sector enterprise , draw a diagram – Four stage of Business Model Innovation. Its completely based on Non – profit  enterprise re-invented their program model with basic fundamental ways.

Business Model Inovation

By: Abhishek Singh

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The Gutsy lady: My unsung heroine…A story of an entrepreneurial lady from hills of Uttarakhand

“Sir jee! It is a cruel world.  More so for a woman”. The tear trickled down from here eye over her cheek, finally dropping down in her lap.

We were sitting on the fourth floor of my flat from where I could feel the dusk starting to settle on the far away hills, lengthening shadows cast by the setting  Sun as if piloting the evening’s arrival.


Lata, put the cup of tea down and continued her story. “I was only 5 years old when my mother also died and I was left homeless, an orphan with no place to go to. My brother who was much older was not ready to support me and in any case was a tyrant who used to often beat me up. My elder sister already married into a joint family in the hills somehow accepted me and my life started in her house. The days were the days of struggle, of poverty, of fighting for existence which, I was too young to understand at that time. I grew up without a childhood. My sister wanted me to go to school but her joint family had   priorities of educating their own children and my interests were secondary.  Somehow the days  passed by. I helped in my own way in doing odd jobs like feeding the cows, washing dishes, washing clothes, cleaning the floors and in return was getting food, shelter and the chance to go to school which my sister somehow managed for me. At night I would find a place in some corner of the house or in the cowshed and fall off to sleep. Those were the tiring and testing times. I finished matriculate, then Intermediate and then the proposal for marriage came.

After marriage the next phase of my life commenced. The husband, who was much older than me found a toy to play with, to take out his frustrations on,  and the beatings, physical abuses, cigarette butts, all these have left scars still smoldering my body and my soul. Three children were born amidst all these. I did not know how to resist and who to go to. But somehow managed to study and passed B.A. privately. His drinks were increasing and so was the physical abuse on me. One day in a fit of rage he broke the glass bottle on my head splitting it and threw me out of the house with my three children. Hurt, bleeding, homeless and penniless I was on the road at the mercy of God? I didn’t know what mercy meant or if God was merciful. Somehow, wrapped in old hessian bags at night to ward off cold and struggling to arrange for food for myself and the children in day time were my only concerns for quite some time. I managed to survive. I started working; small jobs helped me feed my children. I started an organization a very small one; collecting folk singers and arranging their shows. Some friend helped me. More initiatives came around. The weather changed, so did the times. I don’t look back nor even think of those days memories of which I have locked up in a closet somewhere at the back of my mind never to be opened. The children are doing well. The struggles of life are still on. Today, somehow I could not stop myself from sharing the past with you”.   Wiping her eyes, she broke into that tingling laughter once again, her glowing radiant face looking at me.  “Sir jee  kahan kho  gaye”?

First time I had met her in Guptkashi during the monitoring of her NGO. I was impressed with her good work and our friendship continued.

The second time, I remember she had come to the temple where I was staying. Seeing me, she rushed towards me embracing and hugging me with tears of happiness trickling down her face. “Sir jee ! I have purchased this small car”.

“Sir jee when I was married I was wary of one person only. Today when I am alone and working I am wary of the men with whom I have to work with, from whom I have take   approvals for my projects get the finances released.  It is a tough life. It is a cruel world”.

“Maybe, because you are very beautiful”.  I picked up the cups and walked towards the kitchen to put them in the sink without waiting for her reply.

I am privileged to know her and from the core of my heart wish her happiness and success for there are very few like her.

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