It’s a fact that India have performed thinkable growth in IT. If we see the facts: IT contribution to India’s GDP was a merely 1.2% in 1998. But in now this made an impressive growth and now contributing around 8% of India GDP. What, NASSCOM (The National Association of Software and Services Companies) says that the total aggregated revenues for the industry stood at US$100 billion in 2012. US$69.1 billion of this came from exports, while US$31.7 billion came from the domestic market.
The future projection look good too. According to NASSCOM, IT industries will do 14-16% linier growth till 2020.
The Top Indian IT Company have not only Indian presence but they have global presence as well.
Big Cities Dominating the IT Scene
But there is a real problem in India now even with all this. The Indian IT industry have global presence but not spread evenly throughout the Country. In fact, have very presence in India Cities, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Pune, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Kolkata and Trivandrum account for as much as 90% of the IT revenue. However on other way, Large sections of our country with close to zero presence of IT industry. And, it’s not just an issue of these area not having adequate business availability but there are serious infrastructure issues like network connectivity, computer, Internet, easy transport facilities even mobile reachability is bigger panic point over there. There are hardly 3G network even rarely get good 2G network without any obstacle always.
The latest Global Information Technology report for the World Economic Forum has ranked India at 68th in its network readiness index out of 140 countries.
This doesn’t look good for a country that wants to emerge as a world leader. Of course that’s too little, considering the presence and importance of IT in the top cities. This is causing a serious digital divide in the country.
The Digital Divide in India
Its unavoidable. There is certain division between the information reached state and information poor state. In India. Still most fundamental challenge in India to find the way to provide an affordable IT solution to several part of our Country.
Information Technology, through computer, mobility, fast moving internet technology like Social media, Digitalization and E-commerce, bringing about a new economic and social paradigm by reorganizing and restructuring the traditional dimension of business availability and reachability within which human live work and communicate. Lack of accessibility is creating a bigger issue within community to manage equalities. If internet is reachable to only to few people, its democratizing potential is never going to be achieved. Its economics and social impact are going touch very limited.
In fact, rapid invention of Information Technology in some part of India is already start creating a bigger difference among the community and society.
Recently Government study demonstrate the IT presence in different-2 state. Its ranked the state on five parameter: etwork learning, network access, network economy, network society, and network policy. The result revealed that four state is doing well IT technology, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, had poor network access.
According to study lowest achievers state is: Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh.
Digital Divide – Not an India Specific Problem
Digital dividend is not only India issue but it’s a common issue in BRICS as well as developed nation. The World Economic Forum study pointed out that low-income citizens from the developing world have limited access to computers and the internet. They are losing out on social and economic rewards that come with better information and communications technology due to their struggles with digital connectivity.
The United Nations is also raised a concerned. The Information and Technology gap and related inequalities between industries and communities are widening and creating a new challenge for nation to reduce the poverty.
What’s going on in India?
Indian government now realizing an importance of IT and its presence throughout the nation. Government here are well aware about this digital divide and implication. They are also realize that fast economic growth can’t be sustain if digital gap is not bridge throughout the country. And of course the social benefit of growth can’t be properly distributed to lowest section of community.
India can grow with fewer segment of country but it could not create a meaning of any Nation. Till we cannot reach the masses and affect their life positively with Information Technology presence, we can’t say that we are the superpower of information technology.
A lot of initiative have been taken by government body to provide the smooth and better service to lower section of society like ISRO has provide a IT service to Kerala and Andhra fisherman to download data on ocean temperatures from satellites to predict where it’s likely to find fish offshore. Online Passport Seva is another bigger service implemented by government to provide service to masses. Work is also being done to improve internet speed and mobile penetration. National Mission on Education, will make it viable for the weaker sections of the population to own computers as well.
So we are seeing a strong change. With these kind of initiatives, India will surely do much better in near future, But still India has to go so far to cover a large segment of society to end the gap and related inequalities between states and society to transfer the economic boom throughout the Nation and every corner of Society.